ASSESS, SET AND COMMUNICATE SECTOR PRIORITIES, AND IDENTIFY PROJECTS FOR IMPLEMENTATION. This plan phase encompasses the analytical, planning and coordination work that will inform and guide specific investment commitments to achieve some targeted goals. It includes analyzing the context, understanding opportunities for concrete investments, and forging consensus about priorities and means of coordinated implementation between different investment stakeholders in the public and private sectors, civil society and development partners.
ANALYZE CONTEXT, ALTERNATIVES AND CARRY OUT DETAILED PROJECT DESIGN. This design phase takes the initial project concept identified during the strategic planning phase and develops this to the stage where it is ready for implementation. Design should be carried out in a consultative and participatory way to ensure the proposed project reflects needs and opportunities and can count on the buy in of major stakeholders for successful implementation. Design requires background studies to underpin the selection of technical strategies, and to ensure that the project rationale and strategy is sound and feasible, and is likely to achieve the planned outputs.
TAKE ACTION, MONITOR AND COMMUNICATE TOWARDS OBJECTIVES, MAKE NECESSARY ADJUSTMENTS. This phase is about getting the job done and delivering the envisaged results, making efficient use of available resources and fostering learning along the way. Implementation begins once funding is approved and continues until all activities have been completed, within the agreed-upon time frame for implementation. During this phase it is critical that the overall aspirations of the project or program are translated into step-by-step actions to reach those goals. Regular planning, monitoring and review mechanisms must be established with all relevant stakeholders.
REVIEW AND EVALUATE EXPERIENCE TO INFORM SCALING UP FOR FUTURE PROJECTS. This evaluation phase is about understanding the results achieved by investment, ensuring that successful practice is continued and those positive impacts will last, and building upon insights from experience to inform future actions. Evaluation after completion aims to assess whether a project or program achieved its intended results, how the results were achieved and whether it has been more efficiently or not. In this way, evaluation plays a dual role: promoting accountability on the one hand and enhancing knowledge and learning on the other hand. The best step forward is to be led by this final output.